A dialogue between the gentlemen and the plowman. Calendar of State Papers V, The Reformation, by Hans J.
Gregory I "the Great" Pope St. Gregory is certainly one of the most notable figures in Ecclesiastical History. He has exercised in many respects a momentous influence on the doctrinethe organization, and the discipline of the Catholic Church. To him we must look for an explanation of the religious situation of the Middle Ages ; indeed, if no account were taken of his work, the evolution of the form of medieval Christianity would be almost inexplicable.
And further, in so far as the modern Catholic system is a legitimate development of medieval Catholicismof this too Gregory may not unreasonably be termed the Father.
Almost all the leading principles of the later Catholicism are found, at any rate in germ, in Gregory the Great. Dudden, "Gregory the Great", 1, p. This eulogy by a learned non-Catholic writer will justify the length and elaboration of the following article.
From birth to Gregory's father was Gordianus, a wealthy patrician, probably of the famous gens Amicia, who owned large estates in Sicily and a mansion on the Caelian Hill in Romethe ruins of which, apparently in a wonderful state of preservation, still await excavation beneath the Church of St.
His mother Silvia appears also to have been of good familybut very little is known of her life. She is honoured as a sainther feast being kept on 3 November. Portraits of Gordianus and Silvia were painted by Gregory's order, in the atrium of St. Andrew's monasteryand a pleasing description of these may be found in John the Deacon Vita, IV, lxxxiii.
Of his early years we know nothing beyond what the history of the period tells us. Between the years and Rome was first captured by the Goths under Totila, and then abandoned by them; next it was garrisoned by Belisarius, and besieged in vain by the Gothswho took it again, however, after the recall of Belisarius, only to lose it once more to Narses.
Gregory's mind and memory were both exceptionally receptive, and it is to the effect produced on him by these disasters that we must attribute the tinge of sadness which pervades his writings and especially his clear expectation of a speedy end to the world.
Of his educationwe have no details. Gregory of Tours tells us that in grammar, rhetoric and dialectic he was so skilful as to be thought second to none in all Romeand it seems certain also that he must have gone through a course of legal studies.
Not least among the educating influences was the religious atmosphere of his home. He loved to meditate on the Scriptures and to listen attentively to the conversations of his elders, so that he was "devoted to God from his youth up".
His rank and prospects pointed him out naturally for a public career, and he doubtless held some of the subordinate offices wherein a young patrician embarked on public life. That he acquitted himself well in these appears certainsince we find him about the yearwhen little more than thirty years old, filling the important office of prefect of the city of Rome.
At that date the brilliant post was shorn of much of its old magnificence, and its responsibilities were reduced; still it remained the highest civil dignity in the city, and it was only after long prayer and inward struggle that Gregory decided to abandon everything and become a monk.
This event took place most probably in His decision once taken, he devoted himself to the work and austerities of his new life with all the natural energy of his character.
His Sicilian estates were given up to found six monasteries there, and his home on the Caelian Hill was converted into another under the patronage of St. Here he himself took the cowlso that "he who had been wont to go about the city clad in the trabea and aglow with silk and jewels, now clad in a worthless garment served the altar of the Lord " Gregory of ToursX, i.
As monk and abbot c. Andrew's followed the Rule of St. Baronius and others on his authority have denied this, while it has been asserted as strongly by Mabillon and the Bollandistswho, in the preface to the life of St.
Augustine 26 Mayretract the opinion expressed earlier in the preface to St. Gregory's life 12 March. The controversy is important only in view of the question as to the form of monasticism introduced by St.
Augustine into Englandand it may be said that Baronius's view is now practically abandoned. For about three years Gregory lived in retirement in the monastery of St.
Andrew, a period to which he often refers as the happiest portion of his life. His great austerities during this time are recorded by the biographers, and probably caused the weak health from which he constantly suffered in later life.
However, he was soon drawn out of his seclusionwhen, inthe pope ordained him, much against his willas one of the seven deacons regionarii of Rome. The period was one of acute crisis. The Lombards were advancing rapidly towards the city, and the only chance of safety seemed to be in obtaining help from the Emperor Tiberius at Byzantium.
Pope Pelagius II accordingly dispatched a special embassy to Tiberius, and sent Gregory along with it as his apocrisiariusor permanent ambassador to the Court of Byzantium.
The date of this new appointment seems to have been the spring ofand it lasted apparently for about six years. Nothing could have been more uncongenial to Gregory than the worldly atmosphere of the brilliant Byzantine Court, and to counteract its dangerous influence he followed the monastic life so far as circumstances permitted.Facts and interesting information about Medieval Religion and philosophy, specifically, the Protestant Reformation Protestant Reformation The practises of the Catholic religion were questioned during the Reformation and the beliefs of men such as Martin Luther ( - ) prompted a new religion called Protestantism.
|Extension of meaning||The abbey church dates fromshortly after the end of the Crusade against the Cathars. The owners have won many prizes for the work done to restore the Abbey.|
|The emergence of Roman Catholicism||Origins Martyrdom of St. Ignatius, bishop of Antioch appointed by Saint Peter.|
|Criticism of the Catholic Church - Wikipedia||Causes of the Protestant Reformation Effects of the Protestant Reformation Impact of the Protestant Reformation Facts and interesting information about Medieval Religion and philosophy, specifically, the Protestant Reformation Protestant Reformation The practises of the Catholic religion were questioned during the Reformation and the beliefs of men such as Martin Luther - prompted a new religion called Protestantism.|
|Deformation of the New Testament Church and history relevant to the Reformation||A person who has been legitimately received into the ranks of the clergy.|
|Indulgence | Roman Catholicism | webkandii.com||This and a similar crisis in France were settled by a compromise. Election by the cathedral chapter was to be free; lay investiture was waived, but homage before the bestowal of the fief was allowed.|
The term 'Protestant' was adopted when supporters of Martin Luther formally. Lecture 3 The Medieval World View (2) The Fourth Lateran Council was a watershed in the religious life of the middle ages. On November 11, , Pope Innocent III painted an alarming picture of a Church dissolving in a sea of webkandii.com could paint such a picture because the success of popular heretical and evangelical movements, such as the Waldensians and Albigensians, was positively explosive.
Anti-Papal Movement. Aryanism. Augustine. Bible. Catholic Church. Christian Church in the Middle Ages. Christian Church, Separation of. Christianity.
Conversion of Constantine. Critical and other contrasts between the New Testament church and the church of Rome. Catholic apologists deceive souls by asserting that their church is uniquely the . The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic Church is the Christian Church in full communion with the Bishop of Rome, currently Pope Benedict webkandii.com traces its origins to the original Christian community founded by Jesus Christ and led by the Twelve Apostles, in particular Saint Peter..
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