Anthropology- Bangladesh In Bangladesh anthropology has an unique vicinity as the people of Bangladesh has their inimitable customs, believes, norms, values as well as the other distinctive aspects of culture. Our dream is to make this web site as a unique source of views and opinions related to cultural and social issues that we reflect ourselves with our own culture. The Sacred and the Social: Whence my interest in defining--in appropriating, if you like--Durkheim's anthropological legacy.
Greatest Sociologists of the World: August Comte lived from to He was born in France. At the age of sixteen, he enrolled in Ecole Polytechnic, a famous school of France at that time.
The teachers of this school were scholars in natural sciences and had little interest in the-study of human affairs and society.
However, Comte had a serious interest in the study of society. He decided to study various theoretical sciences, which he identified as positive philosophy. With the help of such a study, he tried to formulate a system of laws governing society.
At the age of nineteen, and while he was still a student, he became secretary to a great social thinker named. From toComte and Saint Simon worked closely together. However, afterthey began to attack each other and never worked together again. Inwhen Comte was working with Saint Simon, they conceived the necessity of a new science.
They asserted that politics must become social physics, a branch of physiology; that each branch of knowledge must pass through three stages, the theological, the metaphysical, and the positive. I understand by social physics the science which has for its subject the study of social phenomena considered in the same spirit as astronomical, physical, chemical or physiological phenomena, that is, subject to natural invariable laws, the discovery of which is the special object of investigation.
Later, he qualified this definition by stating that sociology was not the study of intellect as such but of the cumulative results of the exercise of intellect. This conception of social phenomena is similar to the concept of culture frequently employed by contemporary sociologists, who took it over from cultural anthropology.
According to Comte, the new science of human society must use the positive method.
By this method, he meant the subordination of concepts to facts and the acceptance of the idea that all social phenomena are subject to general laws—social laws. Comte was a student of mathematics but he denied that the positive method could be identified with the use of mathematics and statistics.
He believed that the positive knowledge could be gained through four methods, i. According to him, observation should be guided by a theory of social phenomena. He believed in the use of observation to explain the variations of human behaviour. Comte was aware that actual experiment was not possible in the study of society.
But in French language, experiment generally refers to controlled observation. He stressed the need of fruitful comparison for the study of social phenomena.
He maintained that comparison could be carried out between the human and the animal societies, between coexisting societies and between social classes in the same society. He explained that by this method the different stages of evolution may all be observed at once.
Comte maintained that these conventional methods of science—observation, experimentation, and comparison—should be used in combination with the historical method. He insisted that we could not understand a particular social phenomenon without knowledge about its social context, for example, to understand the significance of a religion, one should understand the entire social and cultural context.
There are two further points of methodological significance which need to be mentioned: From this proposition he came to a somewhat inconsistent conclusion that such specialized studies as economics are misleading because no social fact taken as an isolated phenomenon should be introduced into a science.Discuss the differences between Marx’s and Durkheim’s approach to the sociology of knowledge.
• Sociology of knowledge o Branch of social theory which looks at the relationship between knowledge and Sociology of knowledge o Branch of social theory which looks at the relationship between knowledge and.
In so doing he shows for the first time that Durkheim's sociology (especially his sociology of religion) took form in relation to the Jewish intellectual life of late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century France. The ‘Elementary forms of religious life’, was Durkheim’s last major work, written five years before his death in It is generally regarded as his best, and most mature contribution to sociological thought.
Durkheim Essay; Durkheim Essay. Suicide Durkheims study of suicide ‘A study in Sociology’ was the first sociological study of suicide which was published in Durkheim chose suicide personally due to his friend Victor Hommay committing an account of egoistic suicide.
Emile Durkheim's The Elementary Forms of Religious Life. his Elementary Forms of Religious Life (in French, but translated into English in ) and this remarkable book can be used as a basis for identifying and developing a .
The pure concepts of the understanding are the “forms” of through the conflicts that arise between family and city and between religious law and civil law, ethical life becomes more and more fragmented and the ties that bind the community become less and less immediate.
Hegel, and Hölderlin. In the Oldest Program for a System of.