Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with one or more authors: For page numbers consisting of more than 3 digits, use short version if it is clear to the reader, e. Note also that there is no period after the month.
Visit site An outline might be formal or informal. An informal outline working outline is a tool helping an author put down and organize their ideas. It is subject to revision, addition and canceling, without paying much attention to form.
In a formal outline, numbers and letters are used to arrange topics and subtopics.
The letters and numbers of the same kind should be placed directly under one another. The topics denoted by their headings and subheadings should be grouped in a logical order. All points of a research paper outline must relate to the same major topic that you first mentioned in your capital Roman numeral.
Example of an outline: Early life in Stratford 1. Life of Anne Hathaway b. Reference in Shakespeare's Poems B. Romeo and Juliet b. Much Ado About Nothing c.
Shakespeare's Later Years 1. Last two plays 2. Retired to Stratford a. Epitaph on his tombstone III. Shakespeare's early life 2. Shakespeare's later years B. Concluding statement The purpose of an outline is to help you think through your topic carefully and organize it logically before you start writing.
A good outline is the most important step in writing a good paper. Check your outline to make sure that the points covered flow logically from one to the other. Make the first outline tentative. What is the chief reason you are writing the paper? State also how you plan to approach your topic.
Is this a factual report, a book review, a comparison, or an analysis of a problem? Explain briefly the major points you plan to cover in your paper and why readers should be interested in your topic. BODY — This is where you present your arguments to support your thesis statement.
Remember the Rule of 3, i.
Begin with a strong argument, then use a stronger one, and end with the strongest argument for your final point. Explain why you have come to this particular conclusion. Critically analyze your research data.
Using the best available sources, check for accuracy and verify that the information is factual, up-to-date, and correct. Opposing views should also be noted if they help to support your thesis.
This is the most important stage in writing a research paper. Here you will analyze, synthesize, sort, and digest the information you have gathered and hopefully learn something about your topic which is the real purpose of doing a research paper in the first place.
You must also be able to effectively communicate your thoughts, ideas, insights, and research findings to others through written words as in a report, an essay, a research or term paper, or through spoken words as in an oral or multimedia presentation with audio-visual aids.
Do not include any information that is not relevant to your topic, and do not include information that you do not understand. Make sure the information that you have noted is carefully recorded and in your own words, if possible. Plagiarism is definitely out of the question.
Document all ideas borrowed or quotes used very accurately. As you organize your notes, jot down detailed bibliographical information for each cited paragraph and have it ready to transfer to your Works Cited page.
Devise your own method to organize your notes. One method may be to mark with a different color ink or use a hi-liter to identify sections in your outline, e. Understanding the Internet A.If two authors share the same last name, each author's full name should still appear.
If the names of editors, translators or compilers appear on the title pages, then a comma come should come after the last name to appear in the entry and the proper abbreviation . BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard.
Works by two authors should list last names and first initials separated by an ampersand (&). These names should be followed by the date of publication enclosed in parentheses.
If the work is a journal article, the title of the article . The names of groups that serve as authors (e.g. government bodies or organisations) are spelled out each time they are cited.
If the name is long and the abbreviation is well known, you may use the abbreviation in second (and additional) citations. Your reference list should appear at the end of your paper.
It provides the information necessary for a reader to locate and retrieve any source you cite in the body of the paper. Books with two authors - webkandii.com - Search The Web Web webkandii.com social search · Related topics · Smarter search · Powerful insights.