Pols 201 the constitution

Legislative procedure[ edit ] The reform differentiates between two main legislative procedures: At that point, the approved bill is sent to the Senate, which has 10 days to decide whether to examine it to propose changes, or let it be enacted without modification.

Pols 201 the constitution

Powers derived from the provisions of the constitution that outline the president's role in government. Statutory Authority presidential Powers derived from laws enacted by Congress that add to the powers given to the president of the Constitution.

Vesting Clause Article II, Section 1, of the Constitution, which states that "executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America" making the president both the head of government and the head of state.

Head of government One role of the president, through which he or she has authority over the executive branch. Head of state One role of the president, through which he or she represents the country symbolically and politically.

Recess appointment When a person is chosen by the president to fill a position, such as an ambassadorship or the head of a department, while the Senate is not in session, thereby bypassing Senate approval. Unless approved by a subsequent Senate vote, recess appointees serve only to the en of the congressional term.

Executive orders Proclamations made by the president that change government policy without congressional approval.

Pols 201 the constitution

Fast-track authority An expedited system for passing treaties under which support from a simple majority, rather than two-thirds majority, is needed in both the House and Senate, and no amendments are allowed. First-Mover advantage The president's power to initiate treaty negotiations.

Congress cannot initiate treaties and can only consider them once they have been negotiated. This asymmetry is created by the president's greater influence over the making of foreign policy and the generally lower salience of foreign policy issues. State of the Union An annual speech in which the president addresses Congress to report on the condition of the country and recommend policies.

Executive privilege The right of the president to keep executive branch conversations and correspondence confidential from the legislative and judicial branches. Presidential Approval The percentage of Americans who feel that the president is doing a good job in office.

Pols 201 the constitution

Cabinet The group of fifteen executive department heads who implement the president's agenda in their respective positions. Power to persuade The theory that a president's ability to shape government policy depends more on his ability to convince members of Congress, bureaucrats, and citizens to do what he wants than it does on the formal powers conveyed to him by the Constitution.

Unilateral action presidential Any policy decision made and acted upon by the president and his staff without the explicit approval or consent of congress. Unitary executive theory The idea that the vesting clause of the Constitution gives the president the authority to issue orders and policy derivatives that cannot be undone by congress.

Impeachment A negative or checking power over the other branches that allows Congress to remove the president, vice president, or other "officers of the united states" including federal judges for abuses of power. Formal Powers of the President Military: Commander in Chief Foreign Affairs: Also negotiates executive agreements.

Chief Executive Appoints ambassadors, high level bureaucrats, and members of the federal bench including supreme court justices Chief Legislator.View Homework Help - POL Week 1-Discussion 1 from POL pol at Ashford University. The U.S. Constitution The separation of powers and the system of checks and balance is important for97%(39).

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If you are looking to satisfy the U.S. Constitution requirement before applying to our program and do not wish to take a full course, please scroll down to the POLS - Introduction to American Government: Power, Politics, and Public Policies (Approved) HST - US History: Pre-Colonial - (Approved).


powers derived from the provision of the Constitution that outline the president's role in government. Constitutional authority (presidential) powers derived rom laws enacted by Congress that add to the powers given to the president by the Constitution.

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