Cultural effects[ edit ] Lin Andersonauthor of Braveheart: From Hollywood To Holyrood, credits the film with playing a significant role in affecting the Scottish political landscape in the mid to late s. The statue, which was the work of Tom Church, a monumental mason from Brechin included the word "Braveheart" on Wallace's shield. The installation became the cause of much controversy; one local resident stated that it was wrong to "desecrate the main memorial to Wallace with a lump of crap".
University of Michigan Population Studies Center: Links to an abstract and full text are available at: While the effects of low birth weight have long been explored, those of high birth weight have been essentially ignored. Economists have analyzed the negative effects that low birth weight might have on subsequent school outcomes, while taking into account unobserved characteristics that may be common to families with low birth weight babies and negative outcomes in terms of school test scores when children, in addition to labor market income when adults.
Today, however, with increasing obesity rates in the United States, high birth weight has become a potential concern, and has been associated in the medical literature with an increased likelihood of becoming an overweight child, adolescent, and subsequently an obese adult.
Overweight and obesity, in turn, are associated with a host of negative effects, including lower test scores in school and lower labor market prospects when adults. If studies only focus on low birth weight, they may underestimate the effects of ensuring that mothers receive adequate support during pregnancy.
In this study we find that cognitive outcomes are adversely affected not only by low birth weight grams. Our results have policy implications in terms of provision of support for pregnant women.
Many countries with "deficits" in their female population see banning sex-selective abortion as a way to curb the observed sex imbalance. However, they rarely discuss the potentially negative unintended consequences of this ban on female survival rates as parents may be forced to substitute post-natal for pre-natal sex-selection.
This paper presents novel empirical evidence on the impact of access to abortion on sex ratios at birth and relative female infant mortality. We use the universe of birth and death registry data from Taiwan and exploit plausibly exogenous variation in the availability of sex-selective abortion caused legislative changes to identify the causal effects of sex-selective abortion on sex ratios at birth and excess female mortality.
We find that sex-selective abortion increased the fraction of males at birth by approximately 0. We estimate that approximately 13 more female infants survived for every aborted female fetuses.
Results suggest that parental depression when children are 12 months old, particularly maternal depression, leads to less favorable behavioral but not cognitive outcomes among children. This research extends past literature by using a large, non-clinical, and representative sample; by incorporating reports of both parents; and, importantly, by elucidating mechanisms through which depression matters for children.
Employment rates for married and unmarried mothers in the United States crossed over in the early s, leading to questions about how marital status and family structure affect contemporary maternal employment. A mother's family structure--whether she is married, cohabiting or living without a partner--may affect her employment through her family's income needs, the instrumental and social support she receives, and her perceived security to pursue her preferred level of employment.
Additionally, if a woman has a husband or cohabiting partner, she may take his preference for her employment level into account. Alternatively, selection may explain the association between family structure and maternal employment. In this analysis, I describe how the employment of mothers varies by family structure in the five years after giving birth.
Before taking demographic or human capital characteristics into account, married, cohabiting and lone mothers have similar levels of employment. Using covariate adjustments to account for differences in selection, I find that married mothers work less on average than unmarried mothers, and that cohabiting and lone unmarried mothers have very similar employment levels.
Family income, family wealth, partner characteristics, and sex role attitudes do not explain this marriage effect. I argue that married mothers work less because they have greater perceived economic security, enabling them to pursue their preferred level of employment when their children are very young.
Black married mothers are exceptional; on average, they work more than married white or Hispanic mothers and have similar employment levels as black unmarried mothers.
This unique pattern may reflect lower economic security among black married women or a unique set of cultural values regarding the combination of childrearing and employment.Psychology statistics help Elijah 17/04/ Counselors must complete solutions.
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Go through a . ALPER CESUR May ii. Thesis for the degree of Licenciate of Engineering. ISSN ISRN LUTMDN/TMHP/SE c Alper Cesur, May frequency data through the excitation regime indicates the non-classical result that the frequency is signi cantly above the .
What are Rutgers Electronic Theses and Dissertations? An ETD is a document that explicates the research of a graduate student. It is expressed in a form that is simultaneously suitable for machine archiving and worldwide retrieval.
Sevgili, Fatma; Cesur, Sevim – Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice, The main aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between values and consumption, and to adduce the mediating roles of materialism in this association.
Nov 01, · Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) is known to be the leading cause of nutritional rickets (NR). Recent publications indicate that dietary calcium (Ca) almost all NR cases result from VDD, Cesur et al reported that Cash Pot Results for Jul 06 Early Bird Draw.
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